Whether you are new to academic writing, want to push your writing to the next level, or you’re exploring graduate-level writing, review our series of Writing Refreshers below to prepare you for writing effectively for your courses and beyond.


A great refresher if you haven't written in a while or feel nervous about your writing skills.



Step 1: Grammar & Punctuation Review

Review the following resources and come back to the main Grammar & Punctuation page as questions about grammar or punctuation come up while writing:

Step 2: Topic Sentences and Paragraph Development Review

Review the following resource and refer to it when writing:

Step 3: Overcoming Writer's Block

Review the following resource for strategies to help get your writing going:

A great refresher if you are new to academic writing, or if you have been out of school for a while.



Step 1: Essay/Paper Structure Overview

These resources prepare you for organizing and writing an academic essay:

Step 2: Academic Voice

Review the following resource to understand how to write using an academic tone, voice, & style:

Step 3: Writing Thesis Statements

These resources include what a thesis statement is and how to write a great one:

Step 4: Selecting Evidence from Sources

Get help with the research process and selecting the best evidence from sources in these guides:

Step 5: Paraphrasing and Quoting Sources

Use this resource to help you correctly quote or paraphrase information from a source:

Step 6: Steps to Avoiding Plagiarism

Avoid all forms of plagiarism by going through these activities:

A great way to push your writing skills to the next level and prepare for the many types of writing you’ll be expected to do as you continue your course work and enter your profession.



Step 1: Developing/Narrowing a Topic

Prepare yourself for developing & narrowing your own topic or research question with this resource:

Step 2: Integrating your Research & Adding your own Academic Voice

This resource will help you add your own ideas and analysis so your research doesn't take over your entire paper:

Step 3: Respond to Opposing Viewpoints

Learn how to respond to opposing arguments within your writing to strengthen your own argument:

Step 4: Analyze rather than Summarize

Learn how analysis is different than summarizing in this resource:

Step 5: Clear, Concise, & Direct Writing

Academic and professional writing is clear, direct, and concise. Improve your writing skills with this resource:

Step 6: How to Make your Writing Flow

Continue to strengthen your writing with these resources:

A great way to prepare yourself for the writing you’ll do in your professional life or in business courses.



Step 1: Professional Writing Characteristics

In this infographic, learn what is expected in professional writing:

Step 2: Professional Emails

This resource helps to ensure your emails are professional:

Step 3: Avoiding Bias in Writing

Review this resource to avoid using biased language:

Step 4: Creating Presentations

Learn best practices for creating PowerPoint presentations:

Step 5: Writing Web Content

Learn how to write content for the web:

Step 6: Incorporating Images, Figures, or Appendices

Learn when and how to use images, figures, graphs, and appendices in a paper or report:

A great way to prepare yourself for the writing you’ll be expected to do as a graduate student.



Step 1: Graduate vs. Undergraduate Writing

This infographic shares graduate writing expectations:

Step 2: Reading a Scholarly Journal Article

Learn best practices for getting what you need from academic journal articles:

Step 3: Synthesizing Research

This resource shows the what, why, and how of synthesizing your research for your reader:

Step 4: Writing to Contribute to your Field of Study

Learn how to step into the space of writing as an expert by contributing to the current scholarship in your field of study:

Step 5: Avoiding Over Quoting

Review the importance of avoiding the use of too many direct quotes in your graduate writing:

Step 6: Incorporating Images, Figures, or Appendices

Learn when and how to use images, figures, graphs, and appendices in a paper:

A great way to prepare yourself for high-level writing expected from doctoral students.



Step 1: Researching & Writing a Literature Review

Learn best practices for researching and writing your literature review:

Step 2: Writing a Dissertation

This resource details what is included in a dissertation, steps to completing a dissertation, and sample dissertation chapters:

Step 3: Writing an Applied Doctoral Project (ADP)

This resource details what is included in an ADP, steps to completing an ADP, and sample ADP chapters: