What is an abstract?
An abstract is a one-paragraph summary of your paper’s overall focus. The purpose of an abstract is to provide readers with the main points of your paper; in other words, the abstract serves as a “snapshot” of the paper’s focus.
What are the steps involved in writing an abstract?
Use the “FUSE” Method to remember the steps:
- Use APA Style
- Summarize and capture the core of the paper’s topic
- Edit and proofread
What are the formatting guidelines?
- The abstract is on a page of its own, inserted after the title page but before the introduction of your paper.
- The abstract is double-spaced.
- The word “Abstract” is centered and not in bold font.
- The first line of the abstract should not be indented.
What are the APA style guidelines?
- The font should be size 12 Times New Roman.
- The length of the abstract should be a minimum of 150 words to 250 words, maximum.
How do I summarize the core of the paper’s topic to build a cohesive abstract?
- Write the abstract as the last step of the writing process.
- Review the paper and isolate the main points of the essay.
- Boil down those main points by summarizing the “who, what, where, and when” of your paper.
- Do not quote.
- Include your thesis or main argument and the overall conclusions of your paper.
What strategies can I use to edit and proofread?
- Use Grammarly to identify mechanical and grammatical errors.
- Read your writing aloud and “listen” to how it “sounds” to your reader.
- For additional help, see the Proofreading and Editing Strategies.