Block quotations are used when the direct quote you are using exceeds a certain length (see below). When quotes extend this long, you must format them differently from other quotes.

In APA style: 40+ words in the quote
In MLA style: More than 4 lines
In Chicago Manual style: More than 5 lines

How do I format a Block Quote in APA or MLA?

To properly format a block quote, follow these guidelines:

  • Provide an introduction to the quote.
  • Begin the block quote on a new line.
  • Do not enclose the direct quote in quotation marks.
  • Double-space the block quote.
  • Indent each line of the block quote by ½ inch.
  • Punctuate the quoted material with a period before the parenthetical citation – with no ending punctuation after the parentheses.
  • NOTE: Block quotes are identical in APA and MLA other than the parenthetical citation (see below).
    • APA: Use standard APA parenthetical citation guidelines.
    • MLA: Use standard MLA parenthetical citation guidelines.

Example Block Quote in APA

Sample APA Block Quote

Example Block Quote in MLA

Sample MLA Block Quote

How do I format a Block Quote in Chicago Style(CMS)?

  • Provide an introduction to the quote.
  • Begin the block quote on a new line.
  • Do not enclose the direct quote in quotation marks.
  • Single-space the block quote.
  • Indent each line of the block quote by ½ inch.
  • Punctuate the quoted material with a period before the parenthetical citation – with no ending punctuation after the parentheses.
  • Use standard Chicago Manual Style citation guidelines.

Example Block Quote in Chicago

Sample Chicago Style Block Quote